There is a bit of mystery concerning what eventually happened to cause the mighty walls of Constantinople to diminish to the rubble they are today. Required fields are marked *. To track your work across TED-Ed over time, Register or Login instead. [bctt tweet=”The Walls of Constantinople, Ep 9 w @Patrick_Wyman” username=””]. The world owes much of its cultural legacy to Constantinople’s walls. [31:21] The reality of what happened during the Crusades. The Palaiologos dynasty (1261-1453) restored some churches and palaces and built or enlarged others (e.g. If you have already logged into ted.com click Log In to verify your authentication. For many years the city of Rome was the jewel of the empire, but as the eastern portion of the empire became more and more powerful and influential, it became clear that the center of commerce and culture had moved east. People who lived inside the city may have felt little impact when outside forces attacked simply because the walls made it so secure. Later Constantine the Great chose it as his new capital, renaming it Constantinople, and it remained the capital of the eastern part of the Roman empire.. Arcadius (reign AD 395-408) Flavius Arcadius. Destroy their wonder To the north is their extensive harbor, and to the east west are their allies Marcianopolis (green) and Philipopolis(red). In the 15th century, Constantinople’s walls were widely recognized as the most formidable in all of Europe. The twin fortresses of Rumelihisari and Anadoluhisarı were completed on either side of the Bosporus just miles north of Constantinople. The story of the city begins before acquiring the name of “Constantinople”. When Constantinople was under siege by neighboring enemies, the Roman city's elaborate system of moats, outer walls, and inner walls stood tall. —. Two related projects were the construction of the Aetius Cistern, close to the new walls, and improved Sea Walls (439). With multiple additions and renovations throughout their long history, they are one of the greatest and most intricate… This was a fun conversation where we got to talk not only about the walls themselves but also the history surrounding why they became necessary, which world powers have made attempts to destroy them by laying siege to the city, and what finally happened to the walls through the course of time. The world owes much of its cultural legacy to Constantinople's walls. In the subsequent years, the urban area rather thrived as … Create and share a new lesson based on this one. Are you an educator or animator interested in creating a TED-Ed Animation? The Walls of Constantinople surrounded the Roman and Byzantine city of Constantinople (today Istanbul in Turkey). When Constantinople returned into the hands of a Byzantine emperor in 1261 it bore little resemblance to the city of 1204. The Walls of Constantinople are a series of stone walls that have surrounded and protected the city of Constantinople (today Istanbul in Turkey) since its founding as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. The land walls spanned 4 miles (6.5 km) and consisted of a double line of ramparts with a moat on the outside; the higher of the two stood as high as 40 feet (12 metres) with a … When Constantinople was under siege by neighboring enemies, the Roman city’s elaborate system of moats, outer walls, and inner walls stood tall. Many attempts had been made but none successful. ... he secured and fortified areas around Constantinople to cut supplies to the city. [26:14] Was their really a slow erosion of the Roman empire? The Roman empire had already been divided and many of its fortified cities destroyed by the time the city of Constantinople was in any serious danger from outside forces. The original walls of the city were built in the 8th century BC when Byzantium was founded by Greek colonists from Megara. Find an example of something extrodinary invented or discovered by these ancient people and describe why it's so incredible. It appears on the third level of the Attila the Hun campaign, Walls of Constantinople. [42:10] After such extensive rebuilding, how did the city lose its walls again? Byzantium had first been reconstructed in the time of Septimius Severus not just as a Roman city, but modelled on Rome itself, on and around seven hills. The Roman empire had already been divided and many of its fortified cities destroyed by the time the city of Constantinople was in any serious danger from outside forces. Constantinople was made the new Ottoman capital, the massive Golden Gate of the Theodosian Walls was made part of the castle treasury of Mehmed, while the Christian community was permitted to survive, guided by the bishop Gennadeios II. At the time the city covered an acropolis and little more. Nominate yourself here ». Read the site’s full Privacy & Disclosure policy here. Only students who are 13 years of age or older can create a TED-Ed account. The Walls of Constantinople enabled the city to endure long after the Roman empire was fading. Theodosius II lead the effort to build the walls initially and they were the paragon of Roman engineering and defensive capabilities in their day. As a final touch, Theodosius dug a wide moat at the base of the outermost wall. For almost 1,000 years that wall of Constantinople defended Western Christendom-only to be compromised by Crusaders and finally breached by Turkish cannons. In times of need, such as the earthquake of 447 or the raids by the Avars in the early 7th century, the general population, organized in the guilds and the hip… Destroy their castle 5. Meanwhile, his huge land army of 100,000 men was on the march, moving through Thrace and camping before the city’s 14 miles of walls. The Walls of Constantinople are a succession of walls that have bordered and safeguarded the city of Constantinople (Modern day Istanbul) since it was founded as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. B2 H-INT city moat constantinople constantine roman wall 【TED-Ed】The city of walls: Constantinople - Lars Brownworth 7577 105. Facts about Constantinople 10: the strategic position. [50:40] Patrick’s plug for The Tides of History podcast. Patrick Wyman tells how the pressure brought by the Huns motivated Theodosius II to begin the building of the walls and how their strength protected the city for many years, in this episode. Like Severus before him, Constantine began to punish the city for siding with his defeated rival, but soon he too realized the advantages of Byzantium's location. Built on a peninsula, the city could not be easily surrounded. The walls of the great city had never been breached by a foreign foe. The city was built on a promontory projecting into the Bosphorus (Bosporus), which is the strait between the Sea of Marmara (Propontis) and the Black Sea (Pontus Euxinus). It was the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II (408-450) who expanded the area of his imperial capital of Constantinople by building these great land walls farther out into the country. Tekfur Sarayi and St. Saviour in Chora ), but Bucoleon Palace was left to rot. During the whole existence of the Byzantine Empire, the garrison of the city was quite small: the imperial guards and the small city watch (the pedatoura or kerketon) under the urban prefectwere the only permanent armed force available. Section of the walls of Constantinople: Anthemius' wall, Cyrus' wall, battlements, and moat. On a larger scale, giant wall fences have also been erected by rulers in the past to protect cities or even countries. [35:22] The rebuilding of the walls by the conquering forces. Click Register if you need to create a free TED-Ed account. They are by far the largest and most powerful team on the map. There are several ways to demand tribute from them: 1. The walls were an engineering marvel, essentially making the city impregnable as they made use of the city’s location overlooking the water. Constantinople is almost surrounded by water, except on its side facing Europe where walls were built. [2:21] How Patrick became interested in two major strains in the history of world events. any place that is beautiful, interesting, or weird. What was left of the old Byzantine empire was absorbed into Ottoman territory following the conquest of Mistra in 1460 CE and Trebizond in 1461 CE. The wall was built in 412-414, surrounded an area of 12 km², was 12 m high, and had 96 towers that were about 18 m tall. Surviving numerous fire attacks, the walls were eventually brought down by more modern tools of warfare, but, thankfully, classical culture survived. Contrary to what some people believe, the city walls of Istanbul were not the brainchild of Constantinople the Great. In addition to the mysterious Greek Fire (we still don’t know exactly how they made it), they had an early form of air conditioning, hydraulic powered doors, and ‘automatons’- powered statues of lions and birds that could roar or sing at the touch of a lever. Surviving numerous fire attacks, the walls were eventually brought down by more modern tools of warfare, but, thankfully, classical culture survived. There is little historical record as to what happened to the walls, but my guest on this episode, Patrick Wyman believes the city simply outgrew the walls, their usefulness became less important, and they had to be removed. From the perspective of history, it should be noted that the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople entailed just one of the fortification systems for the major city of Constantinople. The Garrisons of the city, the walls, built from limestone and brick are walls of Constantinople are stone walls juxtaposed to protect the city of Constantinople, today known as Instanbul. @Patrick_Wyman” username=””], The prize for this week is a $20 Amazon gift card. Threaten their wonder 6. The Garrisons of the city, the walls, built from limestone and brick are walls of Constantinople are stone walls juxtaposed to protect the city of Constantinople, today known as Instanbul. An amateur historian and travel enthusiast, I travel around the world full-time visiting historic sites: hidden chapels, Communist monuments, ancient cities, religious relics, or It is part of the historic area of the city, to preserve and protect1. When Constantinople was under siege by neighboring enemies, the Roman city’s elaborate system of moats, outer walls, and inner walls stood tall. Istanbul - Istanbul - Constantinople: Within three weeks of his victory, the foundation rites of New Rome were performed, and the much-enlarged city was officially inaugurated on May 11, 330. Containing impressive city walls, Constantinople was virtually impervious to attack, such as when an army of Goths approached the city after the battle of Adrianople in A.D. 378. TED-Ed Animations feature the words and ideas of educators brought to life by professional animators. Attila the Hun was one of the most dominant warlords in all of human history. But eventually the Muslim forces attacking during the crusades were able to break through and take the city – but their leaders immediately began rebuilding the walls, knowing the strategic advantage they provided. Destroy their docks 4. [bctt tweet=”The threat of #Attila and his #Huns was enough to prompt the building of the walls of #Constantinople @Patrick_Wyman” username=””]. Meanwhile, Mehmed, aged only 21 and now known as \"the Conqueror\", settled in for a long reign and another 28 y… To that end, the first batch of land walls had their origins back in 6th century BC, when the settlement was founded by Greeks from the Dorian city of Megara and was known as Byzantium. Patrick Wyman joins me on this episode to discuss the history and importance of the walls of Constantinople. [1:20] My introduction of the topic and my guest today, Patrick Wyman. The name that eventually prevailed i… When finished, the Theodosian Wallswere almost 7 km (over 4 miles) in length. Your name and responses will be shared with TED Ed. 377 in Spain. [9:04] How the capital of Rome moved from the city of Rome to Constantinople. Want a daily email of lesson plans that span all subjects and age groups? An excellent map of Constantinople at the time of its conquest by the Ottomans in 1453 (source unknown) Emperor Constantine built walls to protect the city, but new housing developments outside them and the growing threat of the Goths and the Huns made them obsolete. Surviving numerous fire attacks, the walls were eventually brought down by more modern tools of warfare, but, thankfully, classical culture survived. Born AD ca. 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During 324–336 the city was thoroughly rebuilt and inaugurated on 11 May 330 under the name of "Second Rome". Patrick Wyman is a historian and podcaster I hold in great regard and I’ve invited him on the show today to discuss the history and prominence of the great Walls of Constantinople and the role they’ve played in the history of the city of Constantinople, now modern day Istanbul. 19:49 ] How the walls of Constantinople defended Western Christendom-only to be of little importance despite the fact that inhabitants... Of Constantinople was also ideally situated on hills that accentuated the height of Aetius... Trial of Audible at never been breached by Turkish cannons the end of Eastern empire... A final touch, Theodosius dug a wide moat at the time the was... Brainchild of Constantinople in all of human history the walls Constantinople to cut supplies to the city effectively the! 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